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Jose - 1999
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Hurricane Jose Near the Lesser Antilles

A tropical wave moved off the west coast of Africa on October 8. The wave moved slowly to the west over the Atlantic for the next several days, and began to organize significantly on October 15. The wave became Tropical Depression Fourteen on October 17 when located about 700 miles east of the Windward Islands. The depression moved on a steady west-northwest pace and strengthened into Tropical Strom Jose on the 18th when located about 400 miles east of the Windward Islands. Jose strengthened slowly at first, but the strengthening became more rapid early on October 19, and it became a hurricane that day, now located just 150 miles east of the Leeward Islands. Jose reached its peak intensity soon after with winds of 100 mph and a pressure of 979 mbar as it neared the islands. Jose struck Antigua midday on October 20 while at peak intensity, and then struck St. Barthelemy and St. Martin early on the 21st with winds of 85 mph. Vertical shear was on the increase as the storm passed through the islands, and it weakened the storm to a tropical storm by the time it reached the British Virgin Islands on October 21. At this point, the ridge to its north that was keeping it on a west-northwest path began to erode due to a trough, and Jose began to turn sharply to the northeast on the 22nd, keeping no closer than 50 miles of Puerto Rico. Jose began to accelerate on the 23rd, and also began to re-strengthen slightly. The storm became a hurricane once again on October 24, and it passed about 300 miles east of Bermuda at this time. This re-organization was short-lived, and Jose was back to a tropical storm just later on the 24th. It was now in the North Atlantic, and it began to lose tropical characteristics on the 25th, and it merged with a low that day. Two deaths were caused by Jose; one in Antigua and one in St. Martin. Antigua reported minor damage, while St. Martin reported heavy flooding and mudslides due to the heavy rains. Overall, damages still did not exceed 5 million dollars.